Title Motivation

What to Discover or Recall:

Discover that motivation is the most important factor in learning.
Realize that learning is best when it is fun.
Comprehend that coaches must possess contagious energy, excitement & enthusiasm for the game.
Understand that basketball skills and techniques must be learned and practiced at game speed.
Repetition is a must for motor skill learning.

| Motivation | Learning | Motor Skill Learning |


Motivation is the single most important factor in learning and perfecting basketball skills.

Motivation can be either intrinsic (a self-curiosity or desire to know) or extrinsic (a definite or must need to know). In basketball, self or intrinsic motivation is the most effective and long lasting. Motivation is definitely enhanced when:


5 Stars

Learning is best when . . .

... it is appropriate to the emotional and physical maturity level of the players.

... the physical and social environments are conducive for learning.

... the coaching staff is enthusiastic, well versed and knowledgeable.

... it involves strong support and encouragement (under-achievers will excel on occasions, while the talented are consistent).

... it includes activities using as many senses as possible. Learners remember 10% of what is read, 20% of what is heard (75% is forgotten after 2 days), 30% of what is seen (majority of learning), and 50% of what is heard and seen.

... it is sequential and logical, progressing from concrete to more abstract concepts (one on one skills before five on five skills).

... it involves activities that are appropriate to the specific situation. The best way to learn basketball is to practice BASKETBALL.

... it involves constant repetition and practice using correct techniques.

... it is purposeful and fully understood by the learner (boxing out on rebounds).

... it is the result in functional understanding. Players must gain a working knowledge of the game (what, when and why should be very clear and specific).

... it encompasses the teaching of cognitive (knowledge), psychomotor, and attitudinal (confidence) skills to develop the complete player. Attitude skills are the toughest to achieve.

... it is FUN.

5 Stars

Motor Skills Learning

The learning and perfecting of basketball skills require active active and purposeful participation on the part of the players. However, to be effective, these basketball skills and techniques must be learned and practiced at game speed. Many factors affect the rate which basketball players learn the skills of the game. The primary findings derived from research in motor learning are as follows:

  1. Motivation - motivation is probably the single most important factor used in acquisition of basketball skills.

  2. Conditioning - motor learning is directly dependent upon physical conditioning. Superior conditioning does not just happen nor is it acquired quickly. It is the result of a well planned and executed program of exercise, rest, and diet with rest and diet being just as important as exercise.

  3. Progression - motor learning takes place from the general to the specific. Players must master the fundamentals before more complicated skills can be learned.

  4. Specific - motor learning is specific. Skills must be learned at the same speed which they will be performed during a game.

  5. Practice - repetition is a must for motor learning. The greater the number of times nerve impulses are sent over the nervous pathways, the more firmly established they become until what has been practiced becomes automatic or a habit.

  6. Correct Techniques - proper execution is important. Since bad habits can be practiced as well as good ones, it is imperative that players begin building correct habits from the start. Pay attention to detail. Precise execution and footwork are vital.

  7. Tension - learning is best accomplished under conditions of limited stress and emotional pressure. If the tension level is too low players are apt to become lackadaisical. There is also evidence that most properly prepared teams have a high tension level at game time.

  8. Participation - motor learning demands active and purposeful participation on the part of the players. The best way to learn basketball is to practice BASKETBALL.

  9. Mental practice - motor learning also requires visualization and mental practice. Players should think about the skills and intricacies of the game. More learning and improvement takes place if this is done between practice sessions.

  10. Progressive - new techniques replace older ones as motor learning progresses. The highest level of motor learning is that level which learning is related to the individual in such a way that the knowledge enables him to become self-disciplined.

"If you treat a man as he would be and could be, he'll become what he could be and would be; if you treat him as if he is, he'll remain as he is". -- Goethe