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One-Two-Two Zone

1-2-2 Zone

The 1-2-2 Zone is very strong defense to use against an outside shooting team. In the 1-2-2 zone is an excellent defense to fast break since defenders are already aligned in their fast break positions. It is also a defense to consider late in the game to protect a hard earned lead when the opponent must shoot three point shots in a disperation attempt to catch up.


5 Stars

 

Basic 1-2-2 Zone Shifts

In the 1-2-2 Zone the point is position at the top of the circle. Wings assume positions at the elbows and the baseline players are postioned just above the "blocks." Defenders must keep the arms and hands extended and shift while the ball is in the air on all passes.

Corner

Ball in Left Corner

X5 on ball, X4 covers low post area, X3 drops to weakside baseline, X2 cuts off pass out of corner and X1 defends the high post area.

wing

Ball on Left Wing

Defender X2 is on ball, X1 drops to ballside elbow, X3 drops into the middle, X5 is half way to the corner and X4 is in front of the basket.

point

Home - Ball in the Middle

Defender X1 is on ball, X2 and X3 are at the elbows, and X4 & X5 are above the blocks.

wing

Ball on Right Wing

Defender X3 is on ball, X1 drops to ballside elbow, X2 drops into the middle, X4 is half way to the corner and X5 assumes a position in front of the basket.

Corner

Ball in Right Corner

Defender X4 is on ball, X5 covers low post area, X2 drops to weakside baseline, X3 cuts off pass out of corner and X1 defends the high post area.

Corner

Ball In the Middle

If the ball should be passed into the middle, all of the defenders collapse on ball.

 


Shifts by Position

In the 1-2-2 Zone, the two baseline players work in unison as if there is a line tied to them.

Baseline Corner
Ball in Corner
X5 on ball and X4 covers low post area

baseline shifts

Strong Pass Denial
Ball in Corner
X4 on ball and X5 covers low post area

Baseline Corner
Ball on Wing
X5 half way out and X4 in front of basket

Strong Pass Denial
Ball Out Front
X4 and X5 assume home positions above the blocks

Strong Pass Denial
Ball on Wing
X4 half way out and X5 in front of basket

 


1-2-2 Wing Shifts

In the 1-2-2 Zone the wings work opposite. They are also responsible for weakside rebounding when the ball is in the corner.

Baseline Corner
Ball in Corner
X2 denies return pass and X3 assumes a weakside rebounding position

Wing Shifts

Strong Pass Denial
Ball in Corner
X3 denies return pass and X2 assumes a weakside rebounding position

Baseline Corner
Ball on Wing
X2 on ball and X3 moves to middle position

Strong Pass Denial
Ball Out Front
X2 or X3 assume positions at the "elbows"

Strong Pass Denial
Ball on Wing
X3 on ball and X2 moves to middle position

 


1-2-2 Point Shifts

The point is responsible for guarding the ball when it is out front and defending the high post area when the ball is on the wings or in the corner. A tall athletic player can assume the point position very effectively with the point guard moving to the wing.

Baseline Corner
Ball in Corner
X1 protects the high post area

Point Shifts

Strong Pass Denial
Ball in Corner
X1 protects the high post area

Baseline Corner
Ball on Wing
X1 protects the high post area

Strong Pass Denial
Ball Out Front
X1 assumes an on ball position

Strong Pass Denial
Ball on Wing
X1 protects the high post area

 


5 Stars

1-2-2 Adjustments & Variations

 

Wing Corner Shift Options

When the ball is passed to the corner, the wing defender has the option of staying out or dropping down to help the low post defender. Although, staying out is a provides for a much more aggressive zone, the option to stay or drop is a coach's decision.

Wing Stay

Option 1: When the ball is passed into the corner, the wing defender assumes a pass denial position. This will lead to an interception on any return pass or force a long skip pass which X1 has the opportunity to intercept.

Wing Drop

Option 2: On the pass to the corner, the wing defender drops and helps out on the post. This option can be used against a dominate offensive post.

Corner Trap Option

When the ball is passed into the corner, the 1-2-2 zone can readily trap the ball handler.If the opponent is not prepared, this corner trap can be divestating.

Baseline Corner

On the pass to the corner, the wing defender follows the pass and traps the ball handler with X4.

Baseline Corner

X1 steps out and cuts off the return pass to the wing, while X2 steps up and defends the high post area anticipating the pass out of the trap.

Changing to a 2-1-2 on the First Pass Option

Since most zone offenses deploy a two guard front against a 1-2-2 zone, the 1-2-2 can easily switch to a 2-1-2 zone on the first pass matching the offensive alignment. Switching to a 2-1-2 also has the benefits of moving an athletic, active defender into the middle of the zone, and keeping a rebounder on the weakside at all times.

1-2-2 Zone Alignment

When switching from a 1-2-2 zone to a 2-1-2 zone, The point position is assumed by X3 the middle defender of the zone.

First Pass Rotations

On the pass to the wing, X3 drops into the middle of the zone, assuming a position between the ball and the basket. Wing X1 guards the ball handler, x2 shifts over while X4 moves out.

2-1-2 Zone Alingment

If the ball is passed back out front, the defenders stay in a 2-1-2 zone.

2-1-2 Zone

Click to view graphically illustrated 2-1-2 zone details.

 


5 Stars

Extending the 1-2-2 Zone

The 1-2-2 Zone can be readily extended into half or full court press. Since defenders are already aligned in trapping position, it does not take a lot of adjustment or practice.

"X" Half Court Press

"X" Half Court Press

1-2-2 Full Court Press

1-2-2 Full Court Press

Click on desired press to view graphically illustrated details.

 

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