Executing Off Ball Screens

What to Discover or Recall:

To be a really successful team, all players must have an unselfish attitude and work hard to create open shots opportunities for their teammates. This translates into setting and using proper screens.
It is the sole responsibility of the reciever, not the screener, to run their defender into the screen.
In most cases, when a good screen is set, the screener will become the primary pass receiver.
However, most players, all the way to and including the professional level, are ill prepared when it comes to executing off ball screening.

 

Off Ball Screens Components

Setting & Using Off-Ball Screens

If you analyze off ball screens, you will see that they are complex tactics requiring the proper execution and coordination on the part of three different players carrying out three different, but critical, roles: The Passer, The Screener and the Receiver. Players can expect to be required to carry out each of the three roles successfully during a game. This means practice and a having a solid, working knowledge of off ball screening fundamentals.

 

Fundamental Player Skills Required

Learn More  THE SCREENER - A good screen usually results in an open shot.

Learn More  THE RECEIVER - Responsible for setting up and using the screen.

Learn More  THE PASSER - A good shot starts with a good pass.

Learn More  TYPES of OFF BALL SCREENS - Reads & Counters.

 


 

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Screener Graphic

Screener's Actions

Official Basketball Rules

Basically, there are two rules to adhere to when it comes to setting legal screens.

  1. The screener cannot be moving and must have both feet on the ground. The screener cannot lean or extend any body part (arm, leg, shoulder, hip, knee, etc.) to impede a defender.

    It is the sole responsibility of the receiver, not the screener, to run their defender into the screen.

  2. In setting a back or blind screen, the defender must be given room to turn completely around. This normally is a distance of one full step or an arm's length from the defender.

Violation of these screening rules will result in a personal foul. However, once a legal screen has been set, it is up to the defender to avoid contact.

The Screener Action - Off Ball Screens

Setting Solid Screens

In most cases, when a good screen is set, the screener will become the primary pass receiver.

 


Screener's Reads & Counters

In basketball, it is the defense that dictates offensive options, not the offense. Therefore, the ability to read and counter defensive actions is paramount to any offensive success. In addition, on screens, it is just as important for the screener to read and counter defensive deployment as the receiver.

Defensive Reads: What if the defense . . . .

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Click on desired defensive read below to view illustrated counter option.

  1. The receiver's defender CHEATS OVER the screen early?

  2. The defender TRAILS the receiver over the screen?

  3. The defenders SWITCH on the screen?

  4. The screener's defender "SHOWS & RECOVERS"?

  5. The receiver's defender GOES UNDER the screen?

The Screener Reads & Counters

Read: Defender ANTICIPATES the screen and cheats over the screen early.

Counter: Screen & Replace

The receiver should back cut to the basket for shot, and the screener must then step out to the ball replacing the receiver.

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The Screener Reads & Counters

Read: Defender TRAILS the receiver over the screen and the receiver CURLS to the basket.

Counter: Screen & Replace

When the receiver curls and cuts to the basket, the screener must then step out to the ball replacing the receiver.

TOP

The Screener Reads & Counters

Read: Receiver BACK CUTS to basket against the defender's strong overplay.

Counter: Screen & Replace

When the receiver back cuts to the basket, the screener must step then out to the ball replacing the receiver to keep the court balanced.

TOP

The Screener Reads & Counters

Read: After setting a solid screen, the defense SWITCHES.

Counter: Screen & Roll

Screener seals off the receiver's defender and rolls to basket for shot or post up.

The Screener Reads & Counters

Read: The defenders SWITCH on screen.

Counter: Screen & Pop

On a switch, the screener also has the option of popping out for a spot up shot rather than rolling to the basket.

TOP

The Screener Reads & Counters

Read: The screener's defender "SHOWS & RECOVERS on screen."

Counter: Slip the Screen

When the screener's defenders "Shows" on the screen, the screener immediately breaks off the screen and cuts away to the basket for shot.

TOP

The Screener Reads & Counters

Read: The receiver's defender GOES UNDER the screen.

Counter: Roll & Rebound

When the receiver's defender goes under the screen, the receiver pops out for open shot and the screener rolls to basket for shot or rebound.

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Recever Graphic

Receiver's Actions

It is the sole responsibility of the receiver to set up the defender and use a screen properly.

Setting Up Screen

Utilizing the Screen

"Centering" the Screen

With head up and eyes on passer, "Center" the screen by stepping toward the screener. Then step over the screen with outside foot extending a target hand. This will force the defender into either going over or under the screen.

Centering the Screen

The receiver should receive the ball facing the passer in a knees flexed, triple threat position. This will allow the receiver to execute either a front or reverse pivot.

Front Turn

Front Turn

Receiver squares up to the basket by executing a front pivot. This will provide for a quick jump shot when the defender is slow closing out or has their hands down. If the defender should cheat over the screen, the receiver should fade to the baseline for an open shot.

Reverse Turn

Reverse Turn

Receiver pivots on inside foot and while executing a low, knees flexed, drop step with outside foot. If the defender overplays the passing lane, the reverse turn will allow for a quick drive to the basket. If the defense switches the receiver can make a bounce or wrap around pass into the post who also executes a reverse turn against the smaller defender.

Receiver's Reads & Counters

The basic reads and counters include: If the receiver's defender cheats over the screen early, the receiver back cuts to the basket. When the defender chases over the screen, the receiver should curl to the basket. If the defenders switch, look for the screener rolling to the basket. Anytime the screener's defender "Shows & Recovers," the screener should slip the screen and cut away to the basket. And, lastly, if the defender goes under the screen, the receiver should "Pop Out" for open jumper.

Defensive Reads: What if the defense . . . .

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Click on desired defensive read below to view illustrated counter option.

  1. The receiver's defender DOES NOT REACT to screener's initial basket step?

  2. The defender TRAILS THE RECEIVER over the screen?

  3. The receiver's defender GOES UNDER the screen?

  4. The receiver's defender CHEATS OVER the screen early?

  5. The receiver's defender FIGHTS OVER the screen and denies the passing lane?

  6. The defenders SWITCH on the screen?

  7. The screener's defender "SHOWS & RECOVERS" on the screen?

  8. The receiver's defender GETS THROUGH the screen?

The Screener Reads & Counters

Read: The defender anticipates the screen and DOES NOT REACT to the receiver's initial basket step.

Counter: Back Cut

When the defender does not react to the initial basket step, the receiver should back cut to the basket for an easy shot.

TOP

The Screener Reads & Counters

Read: The defender TRAILS the receiver over the screen.

Counter: Curl

When the defender trails, the receiver curls to the basket.

TOP

The Screener Reads & Counters

Read: The defender GOES UNDER the screen.

Counter: Pull Up

When the defender goes under the screen, the receiver should anticipate pulling up for an open jumper or spot up shot.

TOP

The Screener Reads & Counters

Read: When the defender anticipates and CHEATS OVER SCREEN EARLY.

Counter: Basket Back Cut

If the defender cheats over the screen early, the receiver back cuts to basket for shot.

TOP

The Screener Reads & Counters

Read: When the defender FIGHTS OVER the screen and strongly denies the passing lane.

Counter: Basket Back Cut

The receiver can also back cut to the basket for shot, anytime the defender over plays and denies the passing lane.

TOP

The Screener Reads & Counters

Read: When the defense SWITCHES on screen.

Counter: Screen & Roll (or Pop)

When the defense switches, imitate screen and rolls action with the receiver continues cut to the ball taking full advantage of any isolation mismatches.

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The Screener Reads & Counters

Read: When the defense "SHOWS & RECOVERS."

Counter: Slip the Screen

When the screener's defender "Shows", the screener immediately breaks off the screen and cuts away to the basket for shot and the receiver continues their cut to the ball.

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The Screener Reads & Counters

Read: When the defender RECOVERS on the screen.

Counter: Triple Threat

Upon receiving a pass the receiver assumes a triple threat attack position ready to Shoot, Drive or Pass.

Shot Selection

  • Know your shooting range. Strive to create and take shots that you work on in practice.

  • Do not hesitate to take and make open shots. Not taking a good shot can often times be worse than taking a bad shot.

  • On drives and basket cuts, take the ball strong to the basket and finish!

  • When an open shot is not readily available, move the ball. Have patience and make the defense work. "Nothing creates more problems for the defense than movement."

Learn More - Click Here  Ten Sure Ways to Improve Your Shooting

CLOSE

 

 


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The Passer

The Passer - Off-Ball Screens

'A good shot starts with a good pass'

The ability to move the ball separates the good players from the mediocre ones and the good ball clubs from the poor ones.

Passing Fundamentals

Maintain proper spacing

 

Learn More - Click Here  Raising Your Level of Passing

 


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Executing Off Ball Screens

 

Types of Off Ball Screens

The keys to the success of Off Ball screens is in their execution and coordination. The ballhandler, shooter and screener all have to think and function as one unit. This requires proper footwork, timing, non-verbal communication, and experience.

Although during a game, opponents will only deploy one or two methods of defending off ball screens, players need to possess a working knowledge of all the defensive various reads and counters. In addition, coaches must stay active and alert to any defensive changes that the opponent may make during a game.

Click on the specific screen below to view their basic reads & counters.

Down Screen. Click to view illustrated details Base Screen. Click to view illustrated details Back Screen. Click to view illustrated details
Diagonal Screen. Click to view illustrated details Stack Screens. Click to view illustrated details Post Spits. Click to view illustrated details
High Post Rub. Click to view illustrated details High Post Rub. Click to view illustrated details Double Screens. Click to view illustrated details

 


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Down Screens or Pin Downs

Down Screen

Down Screens are the most commonly used Off-Ball screens. They are primarily used to free up good shooters. Simple, but when well executed, they are a very effective means for getting the ball to good shooters for open shots.

Basic Reads and Counters. What if . . .

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Click on desired read below to view illustrated counter option.

 

  1. Defender CHASES & TRAILS the receiver?

  2. Defender goes CHEATS OVER the screen?

  3. Defenders SWITCH against the screen?

  4. Defenders SHOW & RECOVER on screen?

 

 Read: Defender CHASES OUT and trails the receiver.

Counter: Curl

Curl Option

Curl

When the defender CHASES OUT, the shooter curls off the screen for a quick open jump shot.

Curl for lay up

Basket Curl

When the defender CHASES OUT late, the shooter curls off the screen for a quick open jump shot or can curl all the way to the basket.

TOP >

 

Read: Defender CHEATS OVER the screen.

Counter: Fade or Back Cut

Fade Option

Fade

When the defender goes OVER the screen, the shooter should fade to baseline for open baseline.

Back Cut

Back Cut

When the defender anticipates and CHEATS OVER the screen early, the shooter can change direction and back cut to the basket for shot.

TOP >

 

Read: Defenders SWITCH on the Down-Screen.

Counter: Screen and Roll

Screen & Roll Option

When the defenders SWITCH on the down screen, the receivers pops out to the wing, and the screener "Seals" the defender rolls to the basket for shot.

Post Iso Option

Post Isolation

When defenders Switch, the receiver pops out directly out to the wing allowing post to exploit smaller defender. The point O1 can either feed post directly or pass to any of the peripheral players for the post feed.

Wing Iso

Wing Isolation

When the defensive players switch, the screener can clear out to weakside isolating the shooter one-on-one on the wing against bigger defender X4. If the wing's shot is not available, the post can then dive to the basket to exploit smaller defender X2.

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Read: Defenders SHOW & RECOVER against the down screen.

Counter: Slip the Screen

Slip Option

When the screener's defender SHOWS to help out on the down-screen, the screener immediately breaks off the screen and cuts away to the basket for shot.

CLOSE >

 


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Base Screen

Base Screens are unique in that they usually entail a "Small" screening for a "Big." In addition, like a high post rub cut, the receiver has the options of either going over or under the screen depending on defensive deployment.

Dribble Clear Entry

Pass & Cut Entry

Basic Reads and Counters. What if the . . .

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Click on desired read below to view illustrated counter option.

 

  1. Defender plays LOW.

  2. Defender plays HIGH.

  3. Defender FRONTS the post.

  4. Defenders SWITCH?

  5. Defenders SHOW & RECOVER on screen.

 


Read: Defender FIGHTS THROUGH and trails the receiver.

Defender Plays Low - Go Over

Goes Over Screen

When defender X5 plays low to the baseline side of O5, O5 takes X5 low to set up O3's screen, and then breaks over the screen for shot or strong post up.

Defender Plays High - Go Under

Goes Under Screen

When defender X5 plays to the high side of O5, O5 takes X5 high to set up O3's screen, and then breaks under the screen for shot or strong post up.

Front

Curl Option

When the defense X5 assumes a full front denial position on the post, the post should force the defense out away from the basket, seal off the defender, and give the passer a target with the baseline hand. Passer should make a pass just over the top of the fronting defensive player.

High/Low Feed

Curl for lay up

Against the post front, the O1 also has the option of making a reversal pass to O3 breaking up to the free throw line for a better high/low passing angle into the post.

Note: It is important for the post to wait and not release the defensive seal until the pass is overhead.

 


Read: Defenders SWITCH on the base screen.

Go Over

Curl Option

When the defender plays low the post takes low and breaks over the base screen. Wing looks to feed post against smaller defender.

Go Under

Curl for lay up

When the defender anticipates and CHEATS OVER the screen early, the post can changes direction and back cut to the basket for shot.

Post Isolation

Curl Option

When the defense switches on the base screen, screener O3 should break up to the free throw line allowing post to exploit smaller defender. The point O1 can either feed post directly or pass to any of the peripheral players for the post feed.

Point Isolation

Curl for lay up

Against the defensive switch, when O3 has a definite advantage over bigger X5, O5 clears out allowing O3 to go one on one against X5 from the free throw line. If/when O3's shot is not available, post can then dive to the basket to exploit smaller X3.


Read: Defenders SHOW & RECOVER against the base screen.

Basket Slip

Curl Option

When defenders anticipate switching or "Show & Recover" to the high side, screener O3 should slip the screen and cut away to the basket for shot.

Pop Out

Curl for lay up

When defenders anticipate switching or "Show & Recover" to the low side, screener O3 should immediately pop out for an open jump shot.

 


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Back Screens

Back Screens are misdirection tactics. They are primarily used on the upper levels to free up players for a weakside lob pass and dunks. However, they are also very effective in attacking zone defenses. They will definitely result in easy shots against any defense that is not prepared to defend them.

Wing Back Screen

Post Back Screen

Basic Reads and Counters. What if . . .

View Close

Click on desired read below to view illustrated counter option.

 

  1. Defender CHASES & TRAILS the receiver?

  2. Defender goes CHEATS OVER the screen?

  3. Defenders SWITCH against the screen?

  4. Defenders SHOW & RECOVER on screen?


Defender CHASES UNDER and TRAILS the receiver?

Counter: Back Cut

Wing Lob Option

Lob - Wing

When the defender CHASES UNDER the screen, the receiver cuts to the basket anticipating a lop or over the top pass.

High Post Lob Option

Lob - High Post

When the defender CHASES UNDER the screen, the high post rolls to the basket anticipating a lop or over the top pass.


Read: Defender CHEATS OVER the screen.

Counter: Bump & Back Cut

Wing Bump Back Option

Wing Bump

When the defender CHEATS OVER the screen, the receiver should pop back out for open jumper.

Post Bump Back Option

Post Bump

When the defender cheating over the screen tries to recover, the receiver can change simply changes direction again and back cut to the basket for shot.

Wing Back Cut Option

Back Cut - Wing

When the defender goes OVER the screen, the shooter should fade to baseline for open baseline.

Post Back Cut Option

Back Cut - Post

When the defender cheating over the screen tries to recover, the post can change direction anew and back cut to the basket for shot.


Read: Defenders SWITCH on the back screen.

Counter: Screen & Roll

Roll Option - Wing

Seal & Roll - Wing

When defenders Switch, the receiver pops out to the wing allowing the screener to seal and roll to the basket for shot.

Roll Option - Post

Seal & Roll - Post

When defenders Switch, the post clears out on the weakside and the screener seals and rolls to the basket for shot.


Read: Defenders SHOW & RECOVER against the down screen.

Counter: Slip the Screen

Curl Option

Wing Slip

When the defensive players " Show & Recover" or anticipate switching, the screener breaks off the screen and slips to the basket for shot.

Curl for lay up

Post Slip

When the defensive players " Show & Recover" or anticipate switching, the screener breaks off the screen and slips to the basket for shot.

 


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Diagonal Screens

Diagonal screens are common place in motion style offenses. The pass and screen away action is similar to down screens. When the defender chases over the screen, the shooter can curl to the basket for lay up. If the defender goes under the screen, it will result in an open jump shot for the shooter.

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Wing Back Screen

Basic Reads and Counters. What if . . .

View Close

Click on desired read below to view illustrated counter option.

 

  1. Defenders ANTICIPATE the screen?

  2. Defender goes CHASES OVER the screen?

  3. Defender goes UNDER the screen?

  4. Defenders SWITCH against the screen?

  5. Defenders SHOW & RECOVER on screen?

 


Read: Defenders ANTICIPATE the screen.

Counter: Back Cut

Wing Lob Option

Whenever the receiver's defender does not react to the receiver's initial step down, the screen can continue and back cut to the basket for an easy lay-up.

High Post Lob Option

Screener Basket Cut

Whenever the screener's defender does not react to the screener's initial step, the screen continues to the basket for an easy lay-up.


Read: Defender CHASES OVER the screen.

Counter: Curl

Post Bump Back Option

When the defender is late chasing over the screen, the receiver can curl all the way to the basket for an easy lay-up.

Wing Bump Back Option

Open Shot

When the defender tries to CHASE OVER the screen, it should result in an open jump shot.

Wing Back Cut Option

Back Cut

When the defender FIGHTS OVER the screen and denies the passing lane, the receiver can back cut to the basket for shot.


Read: Defender CHEATS OVER the screen early.

Counter: Back Cut

Roll Option - Wing

When the defender cheats Over the screen early, the receiver can back cut to the basket for shot.


Read: Defender goes UNDER the screen.

Counter: Pop Out

Roll Option - Wing

When defenders goes UNDER the screen, the receiver pops out for open shot.


Read: Defenders SWITCH on the back screen.

Counter: Seal & Roll

Roll Option - Post

When defenders Switch, the receiver pops out and the screener seals and rolls to the basket for shot.


Read: Defenders SHOW & RECOVER against the down screen.

Counter: Slip the Screen

Curl Option

When the defensive players " Show & Recover" or anticipate switching, the screener breaks off the screen and slips to the basket for shot.

 


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Stack Alignment

The Stack alignment options are very similar to a down screen. Because of the stack's close proximity to the basket, if provides for a variety of quick hitting options. These quick hitting options present slower, less athletic players a viable way to get open against quicker and more athletic defenders.

Stack Alignment

Basic Reads and Counters. What if . . .

View Close

Click on desired read below to view illustrated counter option.

 

  1. Defender CHASES & TRAILS the receiver?

  2. Defender goes CHEATS OVER the stack?

  3. Defenders SWITCH against the stack?

  4. Defenders SHOW & RECOVER against stack?

  5. Defenders INVERT against the stack?

 


Read: Defender CHASES OUT and TRAILS the receiver.

Counter: Curl

Curl Option

When the defender CHASES OUT, the shooter curls off the screen for a quick open jump shot.

Curl for lay up

When the defender CHASES OUT late, the shooter can curl all the way to the basket for shot.


Read: Defender CHEATS OVER the screen.

Counter: Fade

Curl Option

When the defender goes OVER the screen, the shooter should fade to baseline for open baseline.

Curl for lay up

When the defender CHEATS OVER the screen early, the shooter can change direction and back cut to the basket for shot.


Read: Defenders SWITCH against stack.

Counter: Isolation

Post Isolation

Post Isolation

When defenders Switch, the receiver pops out directly out to the wing allowing post to exploit smaller defender. The post "Seals" the defender and rolls to the basket for shot. The point O1 can either feed post directly or pass to any of the peripheral players for the post feed.

Wing Isolation

Wing Isolation

When the defensive players switch, the screener can clear out to weakside isolating the shooter one-on-one on the wing against bigger defender X5. If the wing's shot is not available, the post can then dive to the basket to exploit smaller defender X2.


Read: Defenders SHOW & RECOVER against the stack.

Counter: Basket Slip

Slip Option

When the screener's defender SHOWS to help out on the down-screen, the screener immediately breaks off the screen and cuts away to the basket for shot.


Read: Defenders INVERT against the stack.

Counter: Clear Out & Post Up

Invert Option

When the defenders INVERT against the stack, the shooter clears out to weakside, and post posts up strong against the smaller defender.

NOTE: Stack alignments are also effective against zone defenses.

Learn More

 

 


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High Post Split

The High Post Split has stood the test of time and been in use since the very beginning of basketball. In splitting the guards off the high post, it creates a lot of motion and counters which can be hard to defend. It is also a good option to use when a team does not have a "Big" player that they can post up low.

Note: Player feeding post always cuts first.

High Post Split

Basic Reads and Counters. What if . . .

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Click on desired read below to view illustrated counter option.

 

  1. Defender CHASES & TRAILS the receiver?

  2. Defender goes GOES UNDER or BEHIND the screen?

  3. Defenders SWITCH against the split?

  4. Defenders ANTICIPATE SWITCH on split?

  5. Post defender SHOWS & RECOVERS on split?


Read: Defender CHASES OVER the split.

Counter: Hand-Off & Drive

Hand Off & Drive Right

Hand Off & Drive Left

When the defender chases the receiver OVER the screen, the receiver cuts hard to the basket anticipating a feed from the high post. By cutting off the tail of the first cutter along with the high post, it actually creates a double screen.
Note: If open, the post also has the option of feeding first cutter.

 


Read: Defender GOES UNDER or BEHIND the High Post's screen.

Counter: Pull Up Jumper

Pull Up Option

Pull Up Left

When the defender goes UNDER or BEHIND the high post, the receiver should "Pull Up" for a wide open jump shot.


Read: Defenders SWITCH against the High Post Split.

Counter: Screen & Roll (Two Same Side)

Curl Option

Curl for lay up

When defenders switch, the second cutter clears out to weakside and the first cutter reverses direction and rolls to the basket for hand off and drive.

 


Read: Defenders ANTICIPATE switching on the High Post split.

Counter: Direct Basket Cuts

Give & Go Option

When the defenders anticipate switching, the receivers fake the high post split and cut directly to basket for a feed from the post.

Curl Option

Back Door Cut

When defenders anticipate switching, the off guard has the option of back cutting to the basket for shot.

Curl for lay up

Second Guard Around

If the off guard does not receive the ball on the back door cut, they clear out to the opposite side, and the other guard makes a solo cut off the post. Since their defender is anticipating switching, the solo cut should be wide open.


Read: The Post defender SHOWS & RECOVER on the High Post split.

Counter: Post Drive Opposite

Post Slip Left

Post Slip Right

When post defender steps out and "SHOWS" to help out on the post split, the post can drive opposite to the basket.

 


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High Post Rub Cuts

Rubbing a defender off a high post screen is actually a back screen. If not defended correctly, the high post rub cut will result in an easy lay-up basket. The high post rub, also, allows for a "Big" point guard to readily post up a smaller defender. High Post rub cuts can be initiated from either from the ballside ("UCLA") or the weakside ("Shuffle Cut").

| High Post (UCLA) Rub Cut | Weakside Shuffle Cut |

 

 


"UCLA" (Ballside) Rub Cut

Down Screen

The success of any offense is dependent on precise execution. "It's not what you run, but how you run it that counts." In executing a high post rub cut, it is not only important for the high post to set a solid screen, but it is equally important for the point guard to set up and use the screen properly. The basic high post screen option is for the ballside guard to make an entry pass to the wing and rub off high post's back screen. Wing looks to feed the cutter either for layup on basket cut or posting up against a weaker defender.

Basic Reads and Counters. What if . . .

View Close

Click on desired read below to view illustrated counter option.

 

  1. The defender CHASES OVER the high post rub?

  2. The defender CHEATS OVER the screen early?

  3. The defender GOES UNDER or BEHIND the screener?

  4. The defenders SWITCH on the high post rub?

  5. The defenders SHOW & RECOVER against the high post rub?

 


 

Read: Defender CHASES OVER the High Post's screen.

Counter: Give & Go

Give & Go Option

When the defender chases the receiver OVER the screen, the receiver cuts hard to the basket anticipating a return pass from the wing.


Read: Defender CHEATS OVER the screen early.

Counter: Back Cut

Back Cut Option

When the defender CHEATS OVER the screen early, the receiver should back cut off the high post screen for shot.

 


Read: Defender GOES UNDER or BEHIND the High Post's screen.

Counter: Bump Back

Bump Option

Bump Back

When the defender goes UNDER or BEHIND the high post screen, the receiver should " Bump Back" out off the screen for a quick open jump shot.

Curl for lay up

Basket Cut

When the defender tries to recover, the receiver can change direction and cuts to the basket for shot.


Read: Defenders SWITCH on the High Post Rub cut.

Counter: Isolate One-on-One

Curl Option

Post Screen & Roll

When defenders Switch, the cutter fades out to the corner and the post exploits the smaller defender by rolling to the basket . The wing can either feed post directly or pass to any of the peripheral players for the post feed.

Curl for lay up

Baseline Isolation

When the defensive players switch, the screener can step out isolating the point one-on-one against bigger defender on the baseline. If a good shot is not available, the post can then dive to the basket to exploit smaller defender X1.


Read: Defenders SHOW & RECOVER on the High Post Rub cut.

Counter: Slip the Screen

Curl Option

When the screener's defender SHOWS to help out on the rub cut, the screener immediately breaks off the screen and slips to the basket for shot.

 


Shuffle (Weakside) Rub Cut

When the ball handler penetrates or passes to the wing, the off guard O2 walks the defender X2 into O4's high post back screen and cuts to basket. Point guard O1 looks to feed O2 making a basket cut off O4's high post screen or posting up against a smaller or weaker defender. Should the defender get hung up on O4's high post screen or trail O2 it will certainly result in an easy lay up. Players must be prepared to recognize and attack the following defensive situations:

Basic Reads and Counters. What if . . .

View Close

Click on desired read below to view illustrated counter option.

 

  1. The defender CHASES OVER the screen?

  2. The defender CHEATS OVER the screen early?

  3. The defender GOES UNDER or BEHIND the screen?

  4. The defenders SHOW & RECOVER against the screen?

  5. The defenders SWITCH on the screen?

  6. The defenders anticipate switching and ZONE on the screen?

  7. The defenders DOUBLE TEAM or TRAP on the screen?


Read: Defensive player CHASES OVER the screen.

Counter: Hard Basket Cut

Top Cut: Off guard O2 walks the defender X2 into O4's high post screen. When the defender X2 assumes an inside position and chases O2 over the high post screen, O2 makes a direct cut to the basket looking for a pass from O1 for layup. O2 also has the option of posting up against X2.


Read: Defensive player CHASES OVER the screen.

Counter: Cut Under the Screen

When the defender X2 assumes an outside defensive position,  O2 cuts under the screen looking for a pass from O1 for layup. O2 also has the option of  posting up against X2.


Read: Defensive player GOES UNDER or BEHIND the screen.

Counter: Bump Back

Bump: When the defender X2 cheats and goes under O4's high post screen, O2 pops (bumps) back out for open jump shot.


Read: Defense SWITCHES on high post rub cut.

Counter: Post Roll Option

Post Roll. On defensive switch, O2 clears to corner as point looks to feed O4 rolling to basket against smaller defender X2.

Post Isolation

Read: Defense SWITCHES on high post rub cut.

Roll & Post Up. On defensive switch, when a smaller defender is "MISMATCHED INSIDE" against the screener O4, O2 clears immediately to the corner and screen O4 rolls to the basket and posts up. O1 or O3 looks to feed O4 posting up.

Corner Isolation Option

Read: Defense SWITCHES on high post rub cut.

Corner Isolation. On the defensive switch, when a bigger defender is "MISMATCHED OUTSIDE" against the cutter O2, screener O4 clears out to the weakside isolating O2 against X4.


Read: Defenders ANTICIPATE SWITCH (ZONE)

Counter: Slip Option

When defenders X2 and X4 anticipate and zone against O2's high post rub, O4 fakes the screen and slips the screen and cuts to the basket. O1 looks for O4 cutting away to basket.


Read: Defenders SHOW & RECOVER on high post rub cut.

Counter: Break Off Screen & Cut Away

When defender X4 steps out to show (block) on O2's high post rub cut, O2 takes X4 wide as screener O4 breaks off the screen and cuts to the basket. O1 looks for O4 cutting away to basket.


Read: Defense DOUBLE TEAMS off-guards post up.

Counter: Drop or Kick Out Pass

Drop Pass. When defender X5 doubles teams O2 in post area, O2 looks to make a drop pass to O5. O1 also has option of making a skip pass across to O3 who can feed O5.

Kick Out Pass. When defender X3 drops down and assumes a defensive position against O5, O2 has option of making a kick out pass to open O3 for spot up shot. If defender X3 should rotate back out to O3, O3 can feed O5 in low post.

Read: Defenders DOUBLE TEAM post up early

Counter: Ball Reversal

When defender X5 double teams cutter O2 early, O1 makes a reversal pass out to screener O4. O4 looks to feed open O5 directly or if defender X3 drops down to help out passes to O3 who in turn can feed O5. If defender X5 recovers back to O5, O5 can make a drop pass to O2.

 

 


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Double Screens

Double-Screens are primarily used to free up great shooters, especially for the last shot or after a timeout. Double Screens can be deployed perpendicular or parallel to the baseline in a variety of ways. Since most teams are ill-prepared to defend double screens, when executed properly, they will create some excellent shot opportunities.

| Lane Line Perpendicular |  Free Throw Line Parallel | Breaking Double Screens |

 

Perpendicular Lane line Double

High Post Split

Perpendicular or baseline double screens are the choice to free up a great shooter.

Basic Reads and Counters. What if . . .

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Click on desired read below to view illustrated counter option.

 

  1. Defender CHASES & TRAILS the receiver?

  2. Defender CHEATS OVER the double screen?

  3. Defenders SWITCH against double screen?

  4. Defender SHOWS & RECOVERS on double screen?

 

Learn More Breaking Double Screens


Read: Defender CHASES UNDER the double screen.

Counter: Curl

Curl Option

Curl

When defender chases out UNDER the double screen, the shooter curls for a quick open shot.

Curl for lay up

Curl to Basket

When the defender is late chasing out, the receiver can curl all the way to the basket for an easy lay-up.

 


Read: Defender CHEATS OVER the double screen.

Counter: Fade or Back Cut

Fade Option

Fade

When the defender cheats OVER the top of the double screen, the shooter simply fades to the baseline for open shot.

Curl for lay up

Back Cut

When the defender goes OVER the double screen, the receiver also has the option of back cutting to the basket.

 


Read: Defenders SWITCH on the double screen.

Counter: Post or Wing Isolation

Post Isolation

Post Iso

When the defenders SWITCH on the double screen, both the topside screener and shooter clear out, and the baseline screener posts up strong against the smaller defender.

Wing Isolation

Wing Iso

When the defensive players switch, both screeners can clear out isolating the shooter one-on-one against bigger less mobile defender. If a good shot is not available, the screener can then dive to the basket to exploit the much smaller defender.

 


Read: Defenders SHOW & RECOVER on double screen.

Counter: Slip the Screen

Slip Option

Slip

Any time the topside defender steps out and "SHOWS" to help out, the screener immediately cuts away to the basket for shot.

Curl for lay up

Lob

On a double screen, if the baseline screener's defender steps up and switches to help out against the slip, the baseline screener goes to the basket for a lob pass.

 


Parallel Double Screen - Free Throw Line

Double-Screens parallel to the baseline are normally set up along the free throw line to free up a great shooter especially for a last three point shot situation. The free throw double can also be ran to get the ball inside to one of the screeners.

High Post Split

Basic Reads and Counters. What if . . .

View Close

Click on desired read below to view illustrated counter option.

 

  1. Defender CHASES & TRAILS the receiver?

  2. Defender CHEATS OVER the double screen?

  3. Defenders SWITCH against double screen?

  4. Defender SHOWS & RECOVERS on double screen?

 

Learn More Breaking Double Screens


Read: Defender CHASES OVER the double screen.

Counter Options: Curl

Curl Option

Curl

When defender chases out OVER the double screen, the receiver curls for a quick open shot.

Curl for lay up

Curl to Basket

If the defender is late chasing out, the receiver can curl all the way to the basket.


Read: Defender CHEATS OVER the double screen.

Counter Option: Back Cut to Basket

Curl Option

When the defender cheats over the double screen, the receiver can simply back cut to the basket for an easy lay-up.

Lob

Lob

Low screener steps up and sets a back screen for top screener who rolls to basket for a lob or over the top pass.

Roll

Screen & Roll

When the defenders switch, the top screener clears out as the screener seals off the topside defender and rolls to the basket for shot. The screener can also slip the screen and cut away to basket.


 

Breaking Free Throw Line Parallel Double

1. Ballside screener screens for weakside screener.

Screen and Roll Option

Down Screen Option

Basket Cut

When defenders anticipate switching, the off guard has the option of back cutting to the basket for shot.

Roll Option

Screen & Roll

When the defenders switch, the screener seals off the weakside defender and rolls to the basket for shot. The screener can also slip the screen and cut away to basket.

2. Weakside screener screens for ballside screener.

Back Screen Option

Back Screen Option

Lob

Weakside screener set a back screen for strong side screener who in turn rolls out to weakside anticipating a lob pass.

Roll Option

Screen & Roll

If the defenders switch, the screener seals off the defender and rolls to the basket for shot. The screener also has the option of slipping the screen.


Read: Defenders SWITCH on the double screen.

Counter Options: Post or Point Isolation

Post Isolation Option

Post Iso

When the defenders SWITCH on the down screen, the weakside screener rolls to the basket for shot or a strong post up against the smaller defender.

Point Isolation Option

Top Iso

When the defensive players switch, the screeners can clear out to the short corners isolating the shooter one-on-one against bigger less mobile defender. If a good shot is not available, the screener can then dive to the basket to exploit the much smaller defender.


Read: Defenders SHOW & RECOVER on double screen.

Counter Options: Slip the Screen and Lob

Curl Option

Slip

Any time the ballside defender steps out and "SHOWS" to help out, the screener immediately cuts away to the basket for shot.

Curl for lay up

Lob

If the weakside screener's defender switches to help out against the slip, the weakside screener cuts away to the basket looking for a lob pass.

 

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