Full Court Disruptions


Fulll Court Press

SOS full court pressure scenarios attempt to force the offensive team into reacting to backcourt pressure. Depending on the circumstances, these various SOS presses can be deployed to either increase or decrease game tempo. They may also be deployed as a change of pace or as a surprise tactic. In addition, SOS full court pressure attempts to wear the offensive team down. Player fatigue is the most common cause of ball handling errors and forced shots. These turnovers and bad shots result in more transition opportunities and easy baskets.

The SOS full court primary pressure scenarios are all referred to as "shadow" full court actions. The term "shadow" indicates that a second defender is always shadowing  (playing behind) the ON ball defender. The three full court primary pressure scenarios (Back shadow, Up shadow, Face shadow) differ only in the initial defensive alignments. The secondary full court pressure scenarios are termed "Blitz" pressures. These secondary SOS pressure defensive scenarios are the most aggressive full court pressure and calls for denial of all first passing lanes. Trapping action is in the deep back court area.

Click on desired press below to view graphically illustrated details.

Basic Shadow

Shadow Up

Shadow Face

Shadow Blitz

Shadow Lock


The type of shadow presses deployed will vary according to player personnel, and to the game situation. Depending on the circumstances, various types of presses can be deployed to either increase or decrease game tempo. Generally, press an inferior team, a slow team , when behind, or as a change of pace.

The purpose of SOS backcourt pressure is six fold:

  1. To create turnovers and rushed shots.

  2. To force the offensive team to advance the ball against pressure all 94 feet of the court.

  3. To increase the distance of the passing lanes.

  4. To disrupt normal offensive movements and tempo.

  5. To remove and keep the ball out of the playmaker's hands.

  6. To change game tempo and disrupt game plan action.

Extending the defensive pressure to full court can be a very potent weapon indeed. However, the effectiveness of full court pressure is dependent on the execution of the basic SOS defensive fundamentals. As in the front court defensive strategies, the ball is forced away from the middle of the court to the nearest side or corner checkpoints, denying any middle penetration. Aggressive denials of all first passing lanes, along with all the other basic SOS ON/OFF ball defensive fundamentals, are vital components in executing the full court pressure scenarios successfully. All SOS full court pressure scenarios, except for "hold" actions, end in Base Go Red, a second trap scenario.

Caution: Any time the shadow player is unable to get into proper position, full court pressure is off and basic half court oriented SOS rules apply. Also, in situations when a deep outlet pass or an outlet pass into the middle is made, full court pressure is off and basic SOS half court defense is in effect.




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